In the summer of 1947, Americans saw things in the sky. A private pilot named Kenneth Arnold was looking for a missing Marine Corps plane near Mount Rainier, Washington. He saw nine "extremely shiny" objects "shaped like a dish" at the time. Flying at 10,000 feet. At about the same time, a rancher in Roswell, New Mexico found debris scattered on his land. Soon, the Air Force’s 509th bomber team at Roswell Army Airfield agreed that the rancher had found a crashed flying saucer—and then announced that it was indeed a weather balloon. (The Air Force later revealed that this was part of a secret program to monitor Soviet nuclear tests.)
The public is confused, curious, and a little scared. At St. Joseph's Church in Grafton, Wisconsin, something hit the lightning rod on the roof of the church. Pastor Joseph Blaski went outside and found a warm metal disc 18 inches in diameter with "small tools and some wires" on it. This mysterious spaceship looks like a circular saw blade.
Father Blaski, like many other pranks that summer, wanted to have some fun at the expense of the media. Blindfolded reporters will see his collection of trinkets, including "bass bottles"-beer bottles with fish heads-and his own fishing story book "Fish Story". However, although many unexplained sightings proved to be scams, they still existed after that summer. There seems to be something in the sky.
"At around 8:15 on the first night of the carnival, among the aerialists and rides, his searchlight spotted a'luminous disc'. This is not a one-off."
In April 1949, Pastor Gregory Miller of St. Peter and Paul Church in Norwood, Ohio, wrote to the Archdiocese of Cincinnati with two requests. The parish school needs to be expanded. In addition, the nuns who teach at the school have been living in the nearby Regina High School, but their dormitories have "become crowded" and they need a new residence in the parish. Father Miller has a plan to meet these two challenges: He will host a festival in August to raise funds for the construction fund.
The Saints Peter and Paul Jitney Carnival has been approved to take place from August 19th to 21st. The sensational Kays and The Three Milos, two famous high-line performances, have been booked. There will be free entertainment—but there will also be "five cents of fun." The remaining searchlights of the army owned by the parish were used to attract crowds. The lights are operated by sergeants. Donald R. Berger of the Reserve Officer Training Corps at the University of Cincinnati.
Equipping military searchlights in late August is not an easy task, but Sergeant Berger's job will become more difficult than he thought. At around 8:15 on the first night of the carnival, among the trapeze and amusement facilities, his searchlight found a "luminous disc". This is not a one-off. In the next few months, the parish searchlight will illuminate the impossible: the flying saucer nine times. Unlike Father Blaski’s saw blade, the case of St. Peter and Paul remains unsolved.
The early days of UFO reports were full of hoaxes—and serious and confusing sightings from officers and pilots. Readers and most reporters in the media do not know how to deal with this contrast. From the beginning, the problem with flying saucers has been semantic: if UFOs represent unrecognized flying objects, any attempt to classify sightings will make them a recognized flying object—something else entirely.
Even today, whenever we talk about UFOs, we are making endless speculations. We always try to imagine what they might be. Our eyes look towards the sky, squinting at the fast-moving disk and scattered lights, our thoughts drifting. However, in the mid-20th century, enough people reported strange objects in the sky that the government had noticed. The Air Force’s Blue Book of Official Research Program on UFOs collected more than 15,000 sightings from 1947 to 1969. Nearly 700 times were marked as unexplainable, but another 1,000 times were classified as unknown. Although the differences are still controversial and may be due to improper terminology, the conclusion is clear: Although most UFO reports are easy and eventually explained, a few are scientifically curious and mysterious.
"UFOs and beliefs both occupy a surreal space: the porous boundary area between the ordinary and the profound."
However, scientific curiosity and mystery cannot bring good entertainment. Aliens have. The rest is cultural history. From the rise of the contact movement (people who claim to have had contact with aliens), to popular movies such as "The Third Kind of Intimate Contact" and TV series such as "X-Files", UFOs can already be interchanged with aliens. If an object is flying in the sky, we reason that someone or something must be flying.
These sightings are certainly interesting for UFO enthusiasts, but what do they have to do with the Catholic Church—except for some priests who saw strange objects in 1949? Both UFOs and beliefs occupy a surreal space: the porous boundary area between the plain and the deep. Imagine a woman seeing a shiny disk in the night sky. She first thought it was a star, but then watched it bounce, sway, and fly fast into the distance. She may scratch her head and move on, but if she keeps thinking about that light, she must make a decision based on guesswork. Either she saw something completely reasonable and typical-airplanes, Venus, spotlights aimed at the sky-or she admitted that she had an unknown experience. Once she accepts her perceived vulnerability, she will open the door to more possibilities.
Thinking about UFOs can be an exercise in theological speculation, a way of thinking about what would happen if something mundane becomes profound immediately. This kind of speculation is healthy for Catholics, especially because it can reveal how we seek neutrality for our mysterious beliefs. Just as we might be eager to explain the strange light in the sky, we might seek to explain God in terms of pure reason and reality—a convenient theology. As the church was hesitant to provide firm doctrines about the existence of aliens, theologians and philosophers filled the space with surprise. As early as the 14th century, the French priest John Bridan wrote in response to Aristotle’s De Caelo ("in heaven"): "It must be realized that although it is natural that there can be no other world, it is only possible. Said, since we believe by faith, just as God created this world, he can also create another or several worlds.” Father Bridan’s suggestion here is that everything in the world and the universe can pass through God. accomplish.
For many years, astronomers had to avoid questions about aliens. The director of the Vatican Observatory Guy Consolmagno tried to maintain a firm stand with UFO enthusiasts. In 2013, he wrote on his personal website: “I don’t know of any credible evidence that both sides There has been any kind of contact between aliens and the earth. Period. I can’t imagine this connection can be kept secret for a long time. I say this not only as an astronomer who has been active for 40 years, but also as a member of SETI [Looking for extraterrestrial wisdom] People who know a lot of people in the community (who want to have such evidence), and as an official who was once an official of the American Astronomical Society and the International Astronomical Union. If something like this happens, we will talk about it . No, neither do we."
Michael Burke-Gaffney, SJ is a Canadian pastor. He is an astronomer and professor at St. Mary’s University in Halifax, Nova Scotia. He has a wide range of personal interests in UFOs-even for Canada The National Research Council and the Royal Canadian Mounted Police secretly investigated them. In 1966, the well-known astronomer and UFO scientist J. Allen Hynek wrote a notorious letter to the "Science" magazine, which provided why the unidentified flying Seven reasons why things are worthy of scientific research, Father Burke Gaffney responded with his own letter. His tone is more cautious. He asked that until we have identified the mysterious "atmospheric phenomenon", scientists should not try to "(i) advise people to be patient, and (ii) remind them that so far, UFOs have not provided extraterrestrial life. Evidence, (iii) point out that the existence of the alien little green man is not stronger than the existence of the little goblin?"
Although the Vatican Observatory and the Steward Observatory of the University of Arizona co-hosted a conference titled "Finding Life Outside the Solar System: Exoplanets, Biological Features, and Instruments" in 2014, the Vatican does not have an official position on UFOs and aliens . "The next year, Pope Francis gave an interesting answer to a question about extraterrestrial life: "In any case, I think we should stick to what the scientists tell us, and still realize that the Creator is much greater than our knowledge. "
SJ George Coyne served as Director of the Vatican Observatory from 1978 to 2006, when he retired to focus on teaching. He is known for studying the intersection between faith and science, which earned him the respect of religious skeptics such as Richard Dawkins and the late Stephen Hawking. Father Coyne told me that he was “very skeptical of all UFO sightings that I know about.” I asked him whether aliens are worthy of serious theological or scientific inquiry, and he let me see him as "Many Worlds: New Universe , Extraterrestrial Life and Theological Significance" An essay written in the anthology.
Father Coyne's article "The Evolution of Intelligent Life on Earth and Possible Other Places: Reflections from Religious Traditions" provides a way forward. Father Coyne warned that we should not study UFOs in order to understand the mysteries of God in some way.
When we see God as an "interpretation" of the world, Father Coyne wrote that we use the "scientific rational process" in a way that is not suitable for his purpose-we ignore the Bible and tradition, which shows that "God has revealed himself to be A person who pours out him in love, not as an explanation." Although science and faith intersect, we should not expect science to reveal evidence of faith. Perhaps, Father Coyne wrote, we should examine the limitations of science and consider “our nature in the evolving universe and our inability to understand it. Even if we know everything from cosmology, it may indicate that in the universe , God’s message to us may be far more than just information."
"I don't know of any credible evidence that there has ever been any kind of contact between aliens and the Earth. Period."
In this conversation, the UFO was too ordinary to be used. As for the aliens, Father Coyne believes that theologians must take into account the concept of life elsewhere in the universe "putting God's human-centered revelation on his people." He asked good questions without simple answers: Does God also redeem aliens from their sins? Did Jesus lay down his life for them so that they too would be saved?
Father Gregory Miller has been in St. Peter and Paul since 1938. His brother Norbert is a pastor in the nearby church of St. Vincent Ferrer. The third brother Cletus is the long-term pastor of the Annunciation Church in the third parish in Cincinnati.
Claytus and Gregory in St. Peter and Paul on October 23, 1949. By that time, sergeant. On the next two occasions, Berger, the searchlight operator, saw an object similar to the one seen on the night of the August Carnival. He returned to the church with the two priests and the sergeant. Leo Davidson of the Norwood Police Department, Robert Linn, executive editor of The Cincinnati Post, and Leo Hirtl, the newspaper’s columnist. According to Mr. Berg's observation log (published by Ohio UFO researcher Leonard Stringfield), these people saw a flying disc in the sky and then saw two sets of five triangular objects in the disc.
Mr. Hirtl expressed suspicion, claiming that they saw the goose glowing in the light. Father Miller insisted on his story and even had a dispute with Mr. Hirtl on the Cincinnati TV WCPO special "UFO" many years later.
Father Cletus agreed with his brother. He described the smaller objects as "like the apex of the Indiana arrow." At the time, Father Cletus was the Dean of Institutum Divi Thomae, a unique graduate research institution established by the Archdiocese of Cincinnati. The research was directed by Dr. George Sperti, who was the former director of the Basic Science Laboratory at the University of Cincinnati. Dr. Spatty was a Catholic and later told Cincinnati Magazine in an interview in 1972 that one of the institute's goals was to prove that "there is no conflict between religion and science."
Under the guidance of Dr. Sperti and Father Miller, the institute was responsible for a series of interesting inventions. It has developed methods for preparing H, Aspercreme, tanning lamps, meat tenderizers, and even a freeze-dried orange juice-and at the same time, is committed to the core goal of cancer research. UFOs are not within their range.
"The sightings near Cincinnati lasted from winter to spring."
The sightings near Cincinnati lasted from winter to spring. According to the Cincinnati Post, a relatively unanimous witness is William Winkler, who owns a printing company but is also a “person involved in science”. "This is not a flying saucer. Maybe it is the base of the flying saucer," he speculated. Mr. Winkler wrote a letter about the sighting directly to the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, General Van den Berg, complaining about the clumsiness of the FBI agents and asking for forgiveness for his handwriting ("My secretary is gone today.").
At this time, the predecessor of the "Blue Book Project", the "Resentment Project", became interested in Norwood's sightings and sent some members of their special investigation office to the diocese. These agents, along with two professors DA Wells from the Department of Physics at the University of Cincinnati and Paul Herget from the Department of Astronomy, witnessed with Father Gregory Miller on December 20. The Cincinnati Post called this "an illusion" or "lighting of gases in the atmosphere." Mr. Herget explained: “We need an explanation to eliminate people’s fears.”
Mr. Herget may have said too much. Investigator Leonard Stringfield interviewed R. Ed Tepe, then mayor of Norwood, who also attended the sighting on December 20. He explained that Mr. Wells "was there with a camera and a protractor, often'quiet' with Air Force investigators", and then calculated the size of the disc "about 10,000 feet in diameter." In context, his comment sounds like a cover-up.
"The final decision depends on experimental science. For theologians, there is no other way but to wait."
Mr. Skinfield also claimed that Father Miller had film of the object, which was taken on October 23 by a sergeant who witnessed it. Davidson. According to reports, the film was shown to a private audience in WCPO's studio in 1952, but like many other elements of the Norwood case, it has since disappeared.
Related stories Canadian Catholics struggle to "whitewash" the history of indigenous children Eileen Markey Pentecost, 1948: A woman's ministry in a Siberian prison camp Edward W. Schmidt, SJ According to David Clark in his book "How about UFOs" Conquering the world: modern history.” In the same year, the Vatican theologian Domenico Grasso said that after a series of UFO sightings, the Holy See debated the existence of alien contact. , And concluded: "The final decision depends on experimental science. For theologians, there is no other way but to wait."
No matter what the Miller brothers saw, they would be attracted by that searchlight. This seems to be a too convenient metaphor, but how do we view things that cannot be explained? Between August 1949 and March 1950, UFOs visited the Church of St. Peter and Paul. This is what we know. Once we recognize it, it is no longer a mystery.
In the months following the end of the sighting, Father Miller returned to writing in the Grand Diocese. Some school boilers need to be replaced. They need to refurbish benches, choir stalls and church thrones. In November of that year, he hoped to raise funds by holding a turkey lottery and a market to re-paved the paved roads of the school playground and parking lot. No need for searchlights.
Nick Ripatrazone writes for "Rolling Stone", "Atlantic", "Paris Review" and "Mr. Vogue". His latest book is "Ember Days", which is a collection of stories.
Interesting article. In fact, the aliens were about to make public contact, but then we chose Trump. The aliens decided to postpone the first contact to another thousand Grernocks. "These primitive life forms are more primitive than we thought," said Shmeergtvolp, director of First Contact.
Father SJ Consolmagno edited a beautiful, informative and inspiring book "Proclamation of Paradise: Astronomy and the Vatican". In it, he described the way the Holy See approached astronomy over the years. There is a thought-provoking entry that discusses the possible impact of the discovery of aliens on Christian theology. For me, the most interesting topic is "The meaning of Christ's redemptive action..." Finally, I will reflect on Pope Pius XII: "What a happy and noble encounter in the contemplative universe is the spirit of mankind and the spirit of the Creator! "
Driving with a new college student and his 7-year-old brother, someone asked me if I believe there are aliens among us. I carried my shoulders and told them, yes, I do believe that aliens are among us. I think trees are distant creatures. They move slowly. They speak languages that only birds and grasshoppers can understand. They provide shade for humans in summer, their bodies provide shelter for daily life, and they are stacked with ropes in winter. To keep warm. The 7-year-old told me that I was crazy. (A precocious boy!) Freshmen continue to explore spirituality and religion, kindness and sacrifice at a Catholic college in Rhode Island—want to know what the connection between the life of trees and the life of Christ might be—these two are worthwhile The intention of the visitor to serve us, to save us from fantasy and incomprehensible mistakes, and to wait patiently for our wisdom, compassion, and language skills to expand in order to see what is around us, for us, as us— —Finally saw another one.
Well, if you consider the Bible as the source of "alien" life forms, then it is clear that aliens do exist! "No"...Haha, Satan must have a good time with Catholics
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